summon

summon, summons, call, cite, convoke, convene, muster mean to demand the presence of persons or, by extension, things.
Summon implies the exercise of authority or of power; it usually suggests a mandate, an imperative order or bidding, or urgency
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the king summoned his privy councilors to the palace

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summoned his secretary

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summon a person to appear in court

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I summon your Grace to his Majesty's parliament— Shak.

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a confiding, playful littie animal, whom one alternately trained to do tricks and then summoned to jump snuggling upon one's knQQ—Sackville-West

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she could summon tears and delights as one summons servants— H. G. Wells

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Summons, sometimes interchangeable with summon, usually implies the actual serving with a legal writ to appear in court.
Call is often used in place of summon, especially when less formality is implied or the imperativeness of the bidding is not stressed, or when actual shouting is suggested
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call men to arms

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call witnesses to court

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call a servant

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the president called congress together for an extra session

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I can call spirits from the vasty deep— Shak.

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Often, however, there is a suggestion of an impulsion of God, of Nature, or of necessity
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the young man felt that he was called to the ministry

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America is called to greatness—/!. E. Stevenson

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he felt called upon to speak

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Cite (see also ADDUCE) may occasionally replace summon or summons, especially in legal use
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Andrew was cited to appear and testify—W. B. Parker

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he hath cited me to Rome, for heresy— Tennyson

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Convoke implies a summons to assemble, especially for legislative or deliberative purposes
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the king convoked parliament

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the Italian government convoked great congresses of physicists and engineers— Darrow

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he convoked the chiefs of the three armed services . . . and laid down the law— Shirer

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Convene is related to convoke somewhat as call is to summon; it is weaker in its suggestions of the exercise of authority and of imperativeness, but otherwise it is often not distinguishable
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convene the students in the school auditorium

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the Senate was convened by the tribunes— Froude

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the court-martial, perhaps fortunately, was never convenedPowell

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Muster implies the summoning of an army or other body of troops or of a ship's company (as for military action, inspection, parade, or exercise). In extended use it implies the assembling of a number of things that form a collection or a group in order that they may be exhibited, displayed, or utilized as a whole
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a daw that had a mind to be sparkish, tricked himself up with all the gay feathers he could muster together— L'Estrange

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before the residents could muster a fighting force, the marauders had filled their boats with plunder and were gone— Laird

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Muster is used in place of summon with such objects as courage or strength, especially when the context implies the previous dissipation of the quality mentioned
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at length you have mustered heart to visit the old place— Dickens

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Analogous words: *command, order, bid, enjoin: evoke, elicit, *educe

New Dictionary of Synonyms. 2014.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Summon — Sum mon, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Summoned}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Summoning}.] [OE. somonen, OF. sumundre, semondre, F. semondre, from (assumed) LL. summon[e^]re, for L. summon[=e]re to give a hint; sub under + monere to admonish, to warn. See {Monition} …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • summon — sum·mon vt: to command by service of a summons to appear in court Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996. summon I …   Law dictionary

  • summon — summon, summons Summon is a verb only, whereas summons is a noun and verb. A summons (plural summonses) is an order to appear before a judge or magistrate, and to summons someone is to issue them with a summons. Summon is the ordinary word… …   Modern English usage

  • summon up — [phrasal verb] summon up (something) : to bring (a memory, feeling, image, etc.) into the mind Visiting his old house summoned up memories of his childhood. see also ↑summon 3 (above) • • • Main Entry: ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • summon — c.1200, from Anglo Fr., O.Fr. sumundre summon, from V.L. *summundre to call, cite, from L. summonere hint to, from sub under + monere warn, advise (see MONITOR (Cf. monitor) (n.)). Summons authoritative call to be at a certain place for a certa …   Etymology dictionary

  • summon — ► VERB 1) authoritatively call on (someone) to be present, especially to appear in a law court. 2) urgently demand (help). 3) call people to attend (a meeting). 4) cause (a quality or reaction) to emerge from within oneself: she managed to summon …   English terms dictionary

  • summon — [sum′ən] vt. [ME somonen < OFr somondre < VL * submonere, for L summonere, to remind privily < sub , under, secretly + monere, to advise, warn: see MONITOR] 1. to call together; order to meet or convene 2. to order to come or appear;… …   English World dictionary

  • summon up — index evoke, recall (remember), recollect, remember Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • summon — UK US /ˈsʌmən/ verb [T] ► MEETINGS to officially tell someone to be in a particular place, or be present for a particular purpose: be summoned to sth »Intelligence officials were summoned to Capitol Hill today to talk about global security… …   Financial and business terms

  • summon — [v] call to a place arouse, ask, assemble, beckon, beep, bid, call, call back, call for, call forth, call in, call into action, call together, call upon, charge, cite, command, conjure, convene, convoke, direct, draft, draw on, enjoin, gather,… …   New thesaurus

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